When the sun rises over the horizon on Aug. 21, 2018, we will be looking at a total solar eclipse, but this eclipse will also bring a gravitational potential energy (GPI) of 3.5 solar masses, according to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
That means the Earth is now spinning at a rate of about 1.5 times per second.
When we are near the Sun, gravity pulls our bodies towards the Sun.
This creates an effect called a corona, where the Sun’s light is absorbed by Earth’s atmosphere and can be reflected back.
GPI can also be produced in the Earth’s mantle, which is a fluid that surrounds the Earth.
The more pressure the Earth has to push against the Moon’s gravity, the higher the GPI, said Mark Fennell, associate professor of Earth and planetary sciences at the University at Albany.
Gpi can also come from the Sun itself.
Fennill said the amount of gravity that is pushing on the Earth can change over time, depending on the amount and type of energy the Sun releases.
The GPI is also produced when the Earth and Moon are in a perfect orbit around the Sun that’s at least 90 degrees apart, or when the Moon is in its closest orbit to the Sun and Earth.
“Gravity is like a kind of invisible spring that pulls our body along, and the closer we are to the source of gravity, we can get more of the GSI,” Fennells said.
GSI is the amount the Earth absorbs and stores energy.
The Sun’s gravity is a key factor in creating GPI.
G-PIs are also produced from the Moon and Earth, so there are two types of GPI: “local” and “long-lived.”
The “local GPI” is the energy that comes from the gravitational attraction between Earth and the Sun; the “long life” GPI comes from our Earth’s interaction with the Sun when it’s at its farthest from the Earth in its orbit.
“In terms of what’s going on with our Sun, the long life GPI makes up about 60 percent of what we get,” Fannell said.
The “long lifespan” G-PI comes mostly from the energy absorbed by the Moon when it is in the shadow of the Sun for about 1 minute.
That energy is absorbed and stored in the Moon, which will absorb it again when it reaches the same location in the sky, but the energy is not returned to Earth until the Moon passes between Earth’s shadow and the Earth at the same time.
Fannells said if we are looking at this total solar event from an engineering standpoint, we are seeing the Sun with a short-lived GPI of about 5 percent of the total GPI from the surface of the Earth, while the Sun is experiencing a long-lived total G-PD.
The Moon’s shadow, in its elliptical orbit around Earth, is about 2.4 million miles from the sun, but if the Sun were to get closer to Earth, the G-PCI would increase by about 4 percent, he said.
If we had the opportunity to look at a solar eclipse in the summer of 2020, we could have seen that the GPD from the planet’s surface would increase from 5 percent to 13 percent, according the National Solar Observatory.
“We are at the very beginning of a really big change in the way we live,” Finnell said, pointing out that solar eclipses can cause the Earth to wobble slightly and cause temporary disruptions in the power grid and power outages.
“It’s not just a temporary disruption, it can have long-term consequences.
If there is a major disruption in the grid, there is the possibility that the power goes out for hours or days or even weeks,” he said, noting that it can also cause power outage if a power outage affects the power grids or if there is any form of electromagnetic disturbance.
The effect of a solar flare or coronal mass ejection can also disrupt the power system, which could affect the amount GPI the Earth receives.
Finnells said the effect of these solar flares or corona events will depend on the length of the eclipse and its location in our orbit around a sunspot.
“There will be an impact on GPI because we will see a decrease in the GPCI, and that could have implications in terms of when we get a solar event that produces G-PSI and can affect our life,” Flynn said.
“When you see a coronal maxima or a solar maxima, it creates a really powerful magnetic field that can create a lot of energy and a lot more GPI.”
Solar flares are powerful and can change the way the Earth spins, which can lead to instability in the electrical grid.
“If we were to experience a solar eruption that caused widespread outages, we would see a major change